How to Clone Plants

Cloning a plant is quite useful for growers, as it allows you to forego the germination period normally required when starting a plant. In addition to this, it allows you to propagate a plant which possesses the qualities you are looking for and you already know to be quite healthy.
While cloning may seem confusing to those who are just making their first forays into the world of gardening, the truth is that the process is quite easy and straightforward when broken down into the basic steps. Once you have found a plant that you would like to clone, just follow these 4 easy steps:
 


Step 1 - Select the clone
Cut off a section which is an off-shoot of the main stem. Be sure to select a developed branch that possesses leaves, so as to ensure the clone will be viable and able to take root. 

Step 2 - Make the final cut
After removing the clone from the main plant, remove all but a couple of leaves at the top. Then take a sterile scalpel and cut off the bottom of the stem at a 45 degree angle. The reason for the scalpel is that pruning scissors end up crushing the area at which the stem is cut, preventing nutrient uptake.   

Step 3 - Dip the clone in rooting gel
Immediately after making this cut, dip the whole exposed area of the stem into a cloning solution/rooting gel in order to prevent an embolism from exposure to the air. This compound will not only protect the now-exposed area but also promote root growth. Let it sit for about 30 seconds to one minute. 

Step 4 - Growing media
Simply place your clone in a cloning machine or your desired grow plug or growing media in a propagation tray with a humidity dome, mist the root cube daily with room temperature water and cloning solution and watch as your clone grows! 

Tips:
When watering your clone, other than various rooting hormones and Mycorrhizae, you may wish to give half- or even quarter-strength nutrient solution to your new plant in order to ensure the clone is successful.
For young clones, HID lighting can be too strong. You may have best results using T5 fluorescent grow lighting.

Want to shop for the stuff you'll need? Check out our selection of Plant Cloning Kits.

Having trouble cloning? Want to learn more? Take the 1 hour Cloning and Propagation 101 class or check out the other topics in the GYOstuff Learning Center.

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